Toombs, E., Lund, J., Radford, A. et al. Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and Health Histories Among Clients in a First Nations-Led Treatment for Substance Use. Int J Ment Health Addiction (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-022-00883-1
First Nations adults continue to experience significant health disparities compared to non-First Nations adults in Canada. Ongoing difficulties associated with intergenerational trauma among First Nations peoples may be examined using the adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) model, which measures various forms of abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction. We examined prevalence rates of ACEs and physical and mental health outcomes within a predominately First Nation sample of clients seeking substance use treatment from a First Nations-led treatment facility. The prevalence of ACEs was higher than national averages and previous data collected with broader Indigenous samples in Canada. Descriptive analyses of ACEs and health outcomes for those seeking First Nations-led substance use treatment showed these participants had more chronic health difficulties co-morbid with clinical levels of problematic substance use. To improve ongoing best-treatment options for those seeking substance use treatment, continued assessment and promotion of broader aspects of health and wellbeing are required, including the balance of physical, emotional, spiritual, and mental health and wellbeing across a lifespan.