Pregnant Women’s Risk Perception of the Teratogenic Effects of Alcohol Consumption in Pregnancy

J. Clin. Med. 20198(6), 907;
There is ample evidence of the teratogenic effects of prenatal alcohol exposure, with long-term consequences throughout the entire life cycle. Nevertheless, research on risk perception of alcohol consumption among pregnant women is scarce.
In order to analyze risk perception of alcohol consumption during pregnancy, a cross-sectional study was conducted with a random sample of 426 pregnant women (in their 20th week of gestation) receiving care at the outpatient clinics of a public university hospital in the southern European city of Seville (Spain).
Data were collected through structured face-to-face interviews conducted by trained health professionals using a customized questionnaire. Data analysis included structural equation modeling.
Only 48.1% of the sample indicated that the sequelae from alcohol consumption during pregnancy were life-long. The structural equation model showed that a lower risk perception about beer and wine consumption, and a lower educational level, were related to more frequent alcohol consumption.
Younger participants showed lower risk perception concerning beer consumption. Higher levels of education were related to a greater risk perception of beer.
Healthcare institutions should articulate programs that facilitate health advice regarding alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
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