Women in Alberta are facing an increasing risk of being murdered by an intimate partner and crisis calls are up 10 per cent in two years, according to new data from the Alberta Council of Women’s Shelters (ACWS).
The ACWS released its 2018 statistics on Tuesday, which showed shelters are serving more women, children and seniors than ever before.
Extreme danger, jump in crisis calls
The ACWS’s danger assessment is a series of questions that helps measure the likelihood a woman will be murdered by her intimate partner. Shelters also use the assessment as a way of describing women’s risk when they work with the courts, child welfare, and police.
The agency said In 2011/12, 54 per cent of women who entered shelters faced “severe” or “extreme” danger. The ACWS said this past year, almost two-thirds — 65 per cent — were in the same category.
The ACWS said the move into severe and extreme danger categories indicates that, among other factors, more women are being threatened with a gun or subjected to strangulation.
Women using shelter services are facing the highest levels of danger in seven years and ACWS executive director Jan Reimer said the rise in numbers is extremely worrying.
“We urgently need to address this issue as a society through more effective gun control, as well as ensuring shelters have the resources to support women through the provision of accommodation, safety planning and community outreach,” Reimer said.
ACWS data indicates that crisis calls to shelters have jumped 10 per cent in just two years. In 2015/16 there were 52,562 calls — in 2017/18 there were 58,117.
A training seminar held in April focused on the danger assessment tool, which was recently updated to include three new groups: immigrant women, women in same-sex relationships and Indigenous women.
No separate data on Indigenous women were included in the 2018 report. The ACWS said it is working to align its data process with the First Nations Principles of OCAP (ownership, control, access and possession)
In 2017/18, Alberta’s women’s shelters accommodated 10,390 women, children and seniors — bringing the total number of since 2015 to 30,987.
Women’s shelters are over capacity
The ACWS said rising demand for services has taken many shelters beyond capacity, and in the past year 16,722 women, children and seniors were turned away due to lack of space.
The ACWS said shelters are supporting more people than at any point in the past three years and because caseloads are at capacity, they are unable to accept as many new people into community outreach programs.
In the past year, women’s shelters have supported 6,408 people, including 340 men, through outreach programs.
The ACWS said nine per cent of women were living in stable housing after entering long-term apartment-style second-stage shelters. After leaving those, 68 of women reported being in safe, stable housing.
Domestic violence impact on children
In the past three years, more than 18,000 children have either spent time in Alberta’s shelters or were helped through an outreach program.
‘We know that effective, early interventions to support traumatized children can make an impact in supporting those children to develop healthy brains and engage in healthy relationships as they grow older,” Reimer said.
The ACWS said nearly 500 people, including RCMP, local police and employees from community organizations, have taken part in courses directly relating to supporting children in domestic violence situations.
Sports and violence
Last week, the Alberta Council of Women’s Shelters partnered with Grey Cup party organizers, Edmonton restaurants and bars to highlight domestic violence and sexual assault.
A University of Calgary study has shown that during certain Edmonton Eskimos and Calgary Stampeders games, domestic violence rates rise as much as 15 per cent.
Give me Shelter campaign
Global Edmonton’s annual campaign to gather toys and other items for women and children fleeing domestic violence kicked off earlier this month.
The campaign runs until Dec. 14.
If you need to speak with a women’s shelter near you, call toll free at: 1-866-331-3933