One in three women will experience abuse or violence in her lifetime and a significant percentage of women with previous and current experiences of abuse and violence will use alcohol or other drugs to cope, or as a way to stay safe by appeasing an abusive partner [1, 2].
Among women using alcohol or other drugs, especially those who find it difficult to stop during pregnancy, there is a high prevalence of abuse and violence. Research with 80 birth mothers of children with FASD reported that 95% of the women had been seriously sexually, physically, or emotionally abused at some point in their lives and a further 80% currently lived with partners who did not want them to stop drinking . Violence- and trauma-informed services take into account the dynamics of abuse and violence and the impact of trauma, and integrate this knowledge into all aspects of service delivery [4…
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